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Influenza

Periodically, the infuenza virus undergoes an abrupt change, producing a new viral strain to which no one is immune...

By such means are flu pandemics started. All the more reason to be aware that your one-on-one contact with many patients increases your own risk of exposure to this potentially deadly airborne pathogen.

You can, however, reduce the risk of infection for your patients and yourself by following the preventive measures outlined in this course that are key to minimizing the spread of influenza. Update yourself on the two flu vaccines in current use, the recommended antiviral agents for the upcoming flu season, the signs and symptoms of influenza versus the common cold, and who should and should not be vaccinated.

Eleven helpful tables summarize past flu pandemics, common misconceptions about influenza, the flu vs. the common cold, clinical features and complications, and CDC recommendations for vaccination and prophylaxis.

Influenza

How to know what to order? This course comes as a booklet with the course and test all in one so you are only paying to take the test.  If you would like to receive an electronic copy of the booklet/test then choose our PDF email option! Would you rather receive a hard copy in the mail? Then choose the book/test option. Email courses will take their test online while those that choose the hard copy can either mail their test back in the envelop we provide for grading OR take your test right online for immediate grading.

Influenza

Influenza
(book and test) Traditional Hardcopy

2 hours    $25.00

Influenza
(PDF and test by email) Online Only

2 hours    $25.00

Last reviewed: March 1, 2018
Expires: March 1, 2021

Influenza

About the Authors

Cynthia G. Carmichael, MD, is the Lead Physician at the North Richmond Center for Health of the Contra Costa County (California) Health Services. She is also a liaison between the Pacific AIDS Education and Training Center (PAETC) and the California State Office of AIDS. In addition, she is the Deputy Director of the Contra Costa County - East Bay AIDS Education and Training Center. During the past 11 years, her work in California has involved clinical patient care responsibilities, supervision of medical and nurse practitioner students and residents, and HIV/AIDS education for health care professionals, as well as coordination of clinical education, pharmacologic and quality assurance interaction between PAETC and the Office of AIDS.

Prior to her work in California, Dr. Carmichael was the Principal Investigator for the Florida AIDS Education and Training Center; an attending physician at Ann Marie Adker Overtown Community Health Center; Medical Director for the South Shore Hospital Immunological Center; and an Assistant Professor of Clinical Family Medicine and Community Health at the University of Miami School of Medicine.

Dr. Carmichael is a Diplomate of the American Board of Family Practice. She earned her MD degree at the University of California-San Francisco. She frequently presents HIV/AIDS topic lectures and has published articles on many HIV-associated complications and treatments.

Influenza

Course Objectives

When you complete this course, you will take a written or online test that measures your ability to identify:

  1. Causes and viral characteristics of influenza.
  2. Epidemiologic factors related to influenza.
  3. Transmission and infection processes of influenza.
  4. Signs and symptoms of influenza.
  5. Vaccines for prevention of and antiviral agents for treatment of influenza.
  6. Infection control measures for influenza.

Influenza

Table of Contents

When you complete this course, you will take a written or online test that measures your ability to identify:

  • Introduction
    Airborne Infections
    Influenza
  • Viral Characteristics
    Influenza Virus Type A I
    nfluenza Virus Types B anc D
  • Epidemiology
    Epidemic History
    Pandemic History
    Other Significant Occurrences
  • Transmission and Infection
    Misconceptions
    Infection Process
    Health Care Worker Concerns
  • Clinical Features
    Potential Complications
    Screening and Diagnosis
  • Prevention
    Vaccination Recommendations
    Prophylaxis With Oral Antiviral Agents
  • Treatment
    Treatment of Symptomatic Influenza
    Prognosis
  • Summary
  • Appendix: Infection Control
    Airborne Infection in Clinical Settings
    Preventing Airborne Infections
    Clinical Infection Control
    Respiratory System Defenses
  • Definitions
    Selected References
    Index

Influenza

Table of Contents

Human airborne infections persist, as they have for centuries, sometimes sweeping the globe at worldwide (pandemic) levels, other times occurring as localized epidemics. Use of modern vaccines has controlled the spread of some infections, and "miracle" drugs such as penicillin, first used in 1941, have healed many people. Yet, millions still die of serious airborne infections for which no vaccine has been developed or on which drugs no longer work because the pathogens have become resistant to them.

Influenza

This course discusses one such devasting airborne illness - influenza, commonly known as "flu." In humans, influenza is a severe respiratory illness caused by viral infection of the upper airways. Historically, this disease has killed millions of people, and is especially deadly in those who develop pneumonia as a complication. In recent years U.S. epidemics have been moderate, but the possibility of pandemic always exists because one Influenza virus (type A) periodically undergoes an abrupt change, producing a new viral strain to which no one is immune. Unless a specific vaccine can be quickly developed and administered to populations worldwide, the spread of this new infection can kill thousands, sometimes millions. Alarmingly, in the late 1990s, several people were infected (some fatally) with influenza viruses previously known to infect only birds.

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