A medical history and physical examination (and imaging and/or laboratory tests when indicated) can be useful in diagnosing the causes of back pain–although, in many cases, the precise cause of back pain can never be identified. The medical history should include assessment of psychosocial risk factors, which predict the risk for chronic disabling back pain. Diagnostic imaging and testing are indicated when severe or progressive neurologic deficits are present or when serious underlying conditions are suspected.
How to know what to order? This course comes as a booklet with the course and test all in one so you are only paying to take the test. If you would like to receive an electronic copy of the booklet/test then choose our PDF email option! Would you rather receive a hard copy in the mail? Then choose the book/test option. Email courses will take their test online while those that choose the hard copy can either mail their test back in the envelop we provide for grading OR take your test right online for immediate grading.
(book and test) Traditional Hardcopy
(PDF and test (Email) Online Only
Last reviewed: May 1, 2018
Expires: May 1, 2021
- Types of back pain and their characteristics.
- Risk factors for and etiologic factors associated with development of back pain.
- Care-seeking behavior of patients with back pain.
- Diagnostic modalities and criteria for back pain.
- Non-surgical treatment of back pain, including self-care options, pharmacologic therapies, and non-pharmacologic therapies.
- Surgical treatment of back pain.
- Outcomes of back pain treatment.
Table of Contents
- Chapter 1 The Burden of Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Acute Back Pain
Chronic Back Pain
Back Pain Risk Factors
Chronic Low Back Pain
Development Care-Seeking Behavior
- Chapter 2 Etiology of Back Pain
Causes of Back Pain
Prevention of Back Pain
- Chapter 3 Diagnosis of Back Pain
- Chapter 4 Non-Surgical Treatments
- Chapter 5 Surgical Interventions
Outcomes of Back Surgeries
Failed Back Surgery
- Chapter 6 Current Research