A medical history and physical examination (and imaging and/or laboratory tests when indicated) can be useful in diagnosing the causes of back pain–although, in many cases, the precise cause of back pain can never be identified. The medical history should include assessment of psychosocial risk factors, which predict the risk for chronic disabling back pain. Diagnostic imaging and testing are indicated when severe or progressive neurologic deficits are present or when serious underlying conditions are suspected.
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Last reviewed: April 1, 2015
Expires: April 1, 2018
- Types of back pain and their characteristics.
- Risk factors for and etiologic factors associated with development of back pain.
- Care-seeking behavior of patients with back pain.
- Diagnostic modalities and criteria for back pain.
- Non-surgical treatment of back pain, including self-care options, pharmacologic therapies, and non-pharmacologic therapies.
- Surgical treatment of back pain.
- Outcomes of back pain treatment.
Table of Contents
- Chapter 1 The Burden of Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Acute Back Pain
Chronic Back Pain
Back Pain Risk Factors
Chronic Low Back Pain
- Chapter 2 Etiology of Back Pain
Causes of Back Pain
Prevention of Back Pain
- Chapter 3 Diagnosis of Back Pain
- Chapter 4 Non-Surgical Treatments
- Chapter 5 Surgical Interventions
Outcomes of Back Surgeries
Failed Back Surgery
- Chapter 6 Current Research